First Computer Ever Made In The World – Steve Wozniak, Steve and Patricia Jobs and Daniel Kottke built 200 Apple-1 units in Jobs’ home 45 years ago
One of the few remaining Apple-1 computers, the company’s first product, will go on sale this week at an auction expected to fetch as much as $600,000.
First Computer Ever Made In The World
The 45-year-old computer is one of only 200 that Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs tested and built with Patty Jobs and Daniel Kottke in the Project’s Los Altos home. It is considered the “holy grail” for vintage tech collections.
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“That makes it exciting for a lot of people,” Corey Cohen, an Apple-1 spokesman, told the Los Angeles Times.
John Moran Auctioneers will auction the computer on Tuesday with a starting bid of $200,000. The Southern-California auction house estimates it will sell for between $400,000 and $600,000. Apple-1 experts told the LA Times their estimates. He will receive around $ 500, 000. In 2014, a New York auction house sold Apple-1 units for $ 905, 000.
The model is one of 50 sold to ByteShop in Mountain View, California. Paul Terrell, the owner of the store, was not happy when he first received the computers as he thought the units would be ready to be plugged in and used by the buyer. But Jobs was able to make a profit by selling computers with keyboards, monitors and accessories from the store, according to John Moran.
A Chafee College electronics professor originally bought the computer but in 1977 sold it to students to improve the Apple II. The student held him forever.
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Steve Jobs stands under a photo of him and Steve Wozniak, during the event in 2010. Photo: Kimberly White/Reuters/Corbis
The model has become a “wide acceptance, revision, and evaluation process”, according to the sales house. It is one of 60 Apple-1 units still in existence, according to the Times, and one of 20 still in operation.
The model is one of 6 jackets in Koa wood, which is becoming rarer and more expensive. It comes with a Panasonic video monitor, a copy of the Apple-1 basic manual and operating instructions, a first-time operating manual, and two Apple-1 software cassette tapes with three videos. Old film, power and connection lines.
John Moran had already received the bid by phone, a representative told the East Bay Times, and the bid was displayed in Times Square.
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“When you see certain things, you just know they’re going to be artists,” Nathan Martinez, director of advertising and marketing at John Moran, told the newspaper. “The Apple-1 is one of those.” Long before they found their way into living rooms around the world, computers were the preserve of universities, research institutes and corporate offices. After all, the blinkers, giants of the 1960s could easily fill a room by themselves.
The invention of the microprocessor – Intel’s 4004 was first commercially available in 1971 – changed all that. Manufacturers will eventually be able to build small systems to fit into the consumer’s home.
The first Apple Macintosh, released in 1984. Scroll through the gallery to see more photos from his book. Credit: John Short
The story of how computers entered our homes is not one of technology, but one of business and design, according to writers and people Journalist Alex Wiltshire, whose new book, “Home Computers: 100 Icons that Defined a Digital Generation,” describes the industry’s early days. history from its related structures.
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“The technology is already there,” he said in a phone interview. “But what’s important is the idea of putting it in a form that can be bought and used easily.”
The first model in Wiltshire’s book is aimed at hobbyists and industry insiders. These so-called “hardware” computers only do basic operations, such as binary arithmetic, and their appeal is in adding new components or other hardware modifications. In other words, they are all functional and paperless – “computers for computers’ sake,” as the author put it.
Wiltshire’s book contains many of the most important moments in computers, which were shot by photographer John Short. Pictured here is an example of an early “kit” model, the Minivac 601 is often used by businesses to familiarize employees with computers. Credit: John Short
But the arrival of consumer computers like the Commodore PET 2001 and the Apple II in 1977 heralded a change.
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“There’s a big revolution around the idea of, ‘What if these computers were packaged, presented and designed in a form that anyone could use?’ — that they wouldn’t want people to learn soldering or computer languages, or devote more rooms to their homes,” Wiltshire said.
“What if there were these things that people could buy over the counter and just plug into their TV?
“That was the time when the idea of the ‘home computer’ was born, and it was absolutely necessary.”
A big challenge is for computers to “not be afraid,” Wiltshire said. “All they can do is say, ‘Hey I can stay in your house, I’m not intrusive and I’m not going to hold back.’
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Indeed, while some early models were proud of their performance – with names like Intertec Superbrain, the top image, for example – others were sold in a more welcoming way.
Genie, Acorn, Aquarius, Rainbow, Apricot and Alice are just some of the famous names to appear in Wiltshire’s book, which was created around the products of the UK’s Center for Computing History (to give it a little choice British slant).
The “portable” Philips P2000C weighs 15 kilograms and is equipped with a 9-inch green-screen monitor. Credit: John Short
This message is often supported by colorful and balanced keyboards, without problems in the shape of beige and gray. However, in the early days of the business, there was little agreement on what a computer should look like.
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The QWERTY keyboard, still the standard today, was adopted from the beginning. But everything is in the test. Some computers have small monitors built in, while others are plugged into the TV. Storage can appear on the side, under or completely separate from the external disks. Sharp’s MZ-80K has a mini cassette drive, while the ICL Merlin Tonto also has a telephone receiver.
However, all are united by a focus on simplicity and size. Take the Osborne 1, an early portable computer aimed at business attendees. It may weigh 11 kilograms, but according to a 1981 press release, it can store “the equivalent of 1,600 pages written on floppy diskettes” – more than a short letter. whose size is comparable to.
Computers’ interfaces are still far from intuitive, and often require users to enter lines of code and commands to open and operate.
Wiltshire said that the industry has “almost no relationship with the wider developed world” and that the design choice is “made by management and business.”
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“A lot of the beauty of the systems when they appear out of the box is a little bit of a use,” he added, “because you still have cables going into the monitor and into the disk drive .”
The prices can be deceptive. Add-ons, disks and external devices usually carry the price of the latest version. And cost was, in Wiltshire’s opinion, the main driver in the early machines’ creation – understandably so, given that the 1980s proved that the economy was not change for computer companies. “Companies will come and go,” the author said. “It’s hot.”
Osborne reported that the market collapsed two years after the publication of his statement about the small pocket portable computer, with other major players such as Spectravideo and Oric also collapsing in the decade the war. The industry is also blighted by a lack of standards, which makes it incredibly difficult to create software and games that are compatible across multiple platforms.
Microprocessors were growing rapidly in power, and the development of point-and-click graphical interfaces made computing more user-friendly than it had ever been.
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By the 1990s, standardization was also taking place, with Microsoft’s Windows operating systems – which were not tied to one type of computer – establishing market dominance. Consensus began to emerge, too, on what a computer should look like: a rectangular box with a monitor on top and a keyboard out front.
“It means people know what to expect, and marketers know how to sell them,” Wiltshire explained. “It’s not a beautiful thing. It has to be put on the table, and (even then) you’re limited in where you can put it, but it’s important in the continuation of the computer into the home.”
Then came Apple’s iconic iMac G3. Designed in many bright colors, the new generation of Macintoshes burst onto billboards, TV screens and, finally, people’s homes in 1998. It was clean and (ostensibly) metal-free created with words to support its comparative simplicity compared to the bulkier period. PCs. “Step one: Plug in,” goes one of Apple’s iconic TV commercials. “Step two: Connect. Step three…there is no step three.”
Apple’s iconic iMac G3 comes in a variety of bright colors and has been marketed as more user-friendly than ever.